As part of the Human Rights Electronic Evidence Study, CRL plans to conduct brief field work in Mexico, Russia, and Rwanda. The goal of these trips is to actually see documentation practices in action and better understand why and how a variety of human rights groups collect and save (or not) the materials they need for their work. The first of these trips will begin this Sunday February 14, when I, as CRL’s Project Coordinator in Human Rights, will be in Mexico for nine days collecting as much qualitative and quantitative data as possible about the documentation practices of a variety of human rights organizations.
The first five days of the trip (February 14-20), I will be in San Cristóbal de las Casas, in the state of Chiapas. There I will visit in the neighborhood of 8 to 10 organizations all focused on indigenous rights for Maya Chiapans. Some organizations engage in video advocacy while others document issues and abuses through publishing academic articles or engaging in judicial advocacy. In all cases, a wealth of materials is being collected for important human rights endeavors. My task will be to learn what materials are being collected and why, as well as what goals activists and organizations have for their materials. I will also be keeping an eye open for “downstream” uses of these materials–whether for scholarship, legal work, or further advocacy–and mapping how documentation moves from the moment of creation through some sort of archiving process to be adopted for new human rights purposes. I will therefore be paying attention to metadata protocols, archiving conditions, legal issues surrounding access, and how this whole chain of action works. And in those instances when it doesn’t work, I will try to pinpoint why.
To accomplish all of this, I will be investigating the extent of the archiving practices that exist at each organization and imagine that I will run into a wide range–from no organized archive at all to highly organized and protected materials. I will also have the privilege of visiting two indigenous communities–Acteal and Ocosingo–where I will see two video advocacy projects in process. All of this work is made possible by the generous support of Promedios, whose director, Paco, will spend the week introducing me to the groups I will be meeting and educating me about the human rights issues that the communities of Chiapas face in their daily lives.
At the end of my week in San Cristóbal, I will return to Mexico City, where I will visit Canal Seis de Julio–an independent non-profit organization that distributes human rights news that the Mexican government tends to try to quash. The organization also produces documentaries of human rights cases and maintains an extensive archive of the materials they have collected since their inception in 1988.
I look forward to returning to Chicago at the end of this trip and beginning to process the field notes, field recordings, and photographs that I will collect. As I work through these materials, I will post observations and organizations profiles here on The Documentalist.
I stumbled across this resource on The Hub (the participatory website associated with WITNESS) and thought it worth sharing. It is a Fair Use Toolkit offered by the Center for Social Media to help people negotiate issues of copyright and proper source acknowledgment when posting digital media on the web.
Center for Social Media
The Center for Social Media is part of the American University’s School of Communication, and its purpose is to “investigate, showcase and set standards for socially engaged media-making.” In order to accomplish this, the website offers a number of resources, including “best practices” reports to help documentary film makers, educators, and researchers negotiate the use of published material for their work. Further resources can be found in a drop-down menu under the “Resources” tab on the top of all of their pages. These include links to video tutorials and documents that are designed to help users learn how to participate in fair use strategies. The site also maintains a blog where they run up-to-date discussions of fair use and how to apply it in new circumstances.
As defined on the Center for Social Media’s “Fair Use & Copyright” page:
Fair use is the right, in some circumstances, to quote copyrighted material without asking permission or paying for it. Fair use enables the creation of new culture, and keeps current copyright holders from being private censors. With the Washington College of Law, the Center for Social Media creates tools for creators, teachers, and researchers to better use their fair use rights. (click here for more information)
For further general information on the definition and application of the Declaration of Fair Use in Copyright, see Wikipeida’s Fair Use article.